15 facts about hormones that everyone who cares about their health should know
When it comes to hormones, most people remember stereotypes about female whims associated with changes in the hormonal background. But in fact, hormones also have an effect on men. And even without them, man could not exist in principle. In this review, 15 little-known facts about the effect of hormones on human life.
1. The most common hormone disorder
Diabetes is the most common endocrine (hormonal) disorder in the world. It affects about 8% of the population
2. Taste of urine as a way to make a diagnosisIn Ancient Greece, Hippocrates diagnosed his patients with diabetes by tasting their urine. Diabetic urine has a sweet taste.
3. Hormones and alcohol
Alcohol impairs the body’s production of antidiuretic hormone, which is responsible for the kidneys retaining water. This is why urination leads to dehydration when a person drinks alcohol.
4. Manufacturers of hormones
The endocrine glands that produce the main eight hormones are not the only organs that secrete hormones. For example, a woman’s placenta produces estrogen and progesterone. And the stomach produces ghrelin (which causes hunger).
5. Vitamin D and testosterone
Scientists have found a positive correlation between vitamin D and testosterone. Roughly speaking, the more you tan, the higher your testosterone level will be.
6. The mode of the day and hormones
Researchers have found that 1 week of living without electronics has a significant impact on the human body. The biological clock is re-adjusted, and the hormone melatonin (responsible for sleep) is synchronized with sunrise and sunset.
Hugs have been found to produce oxytocin, a hormone that reduces swelling and helps heal injuries. And researchers from the University of North Carolina found that hugging for 20 seconds leads to the release of oxytocin and reduces the risk of heart disease.
8. Lack of sleep and health
A person can really accumulate lack of sleep. This means that if someone sleeps for 10 hours in the last 3 days, then the hormones have not yet recovered from the week when this person slept only 3 hours a day. Ultimately, this can lead to obesity, cardiovascular disease, and other negative consequences.
9. Hormones and state of arousal
Women tend to stay aroused longer than men. This is because their nervous system and endocrine system remain “active” longer.
10. Women’s tears
Researchers from the Weizmann Institute in Israel found that the smell of women’s tears reduces the level of testosterone in men.
11. Love as a drug
When a person falls in love, their brain produces the same hormones that are produced as if they are taking drugs (dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin).
Just one sleepless night can cause insulin resistance. This is one of the main causes of type 2 diabetes.
13. Birth control pills
Birth control pills that are taken in the morning the day after the act do not lead to a miscarriage. They simply prevent fertilization by disrupting ovulation. They contain higher doses of the same hormones that can be found in conventional oral contraceptives.
14. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is the only vitamin that is also a hormone. Vitamin d deficiency can lead to a variety of problems, including schizophrenia and depression.
15. The syndrome of insensitivity to androgens
Androgen insensitivity syndrome is a condition in which a man is genetically resistant to the effects of male hormones. This means that a man has the physical traits of a woman, but male genes.