Shocking medical wonders stored in museums around the world
Museums around the world have many amazing exhibits. But among them there are those that cause not just amazement, but frankly shock, and even cause disgust. Our review contains 10 strange and scary exhibits from various museums.
1. Cyclops child (Frolik Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands)
In the nineteenth century anatomists, father and son Gerard and Ville Wrolik were carried away by human mutations. In 1834, Willem wrote a medical work on cyclopia, a rare birth defect in which two separate eye sockets are incorrectly formed in the embryo, resulting in one central cavity in the skull. The chances of the embryo having cyclopia are 1 in 16,000. Most cyclops are born dead. The rabbits managed to assemble a collection of five Cyclops people and 19 pigs, lambs and cats. They can be seen in the collection of the Roller Museum at the Department of Anatomy and Embryology of the University of Amsterdam.
2. Mole Bank (Grant Museum of Zoology, London, UK)
Bank of moles? In the UK you can see this. Eighteen moles, packed in a glass jar, may not be a terrible sight, but rather unusual. In the same museum you can see the anaconda skeleton, dodo bones and an extensive collection of brains.
3. Giant human trichobesoar (National Museum of Medicine and Health, Maryland, USA)
Cats sometimes suffer from bezoars – accumulations of indigestible matter, which are most often hair tangles. However, cats are not the only animals suffering from this disgusting and unpleasant disease. Sometimes hair balls are found in cows, bulls, sheep, goats, llamas, deer and antelopes. There are several examples of human bezoars at the National Museum of Health and Medicine. The largest trichobesoar (human hair ball) was removed from the stomach of a 12-year-old girl who had an obsessive habit of eating her own hair.
4. Head of a victim of a gunshot wound (Siririzh Medical Museum, Bangkok)
Within the walls of the oldest hospital in Thailand is the “Museum of Death,” as the locals call it. The museum has six different sections: pathology, forensic science, the history of Thai medicine, parasitology, anatomy and background. One of the most fascinating things in the museum is an alcoholic severed head. She was sawn in half to demonstrate the trajectory of the bullet that went through her. The section clearly shows the hole where the bullet went through the skull, as well as the damage that it caused in its path.
5. Giant Colon (Mutter Museum, Philadelphia, USA)
Hirschsprung’s disease begins when the nerve endings in the colon of the fetus do not fully develop in the womb. This leads to the fact that certain muscles do not receive signals about contraction and pushing of waste products through the digestive system (as a result, terrible constipation occurs). As a result, an abnormally large colon develops, which in this particular case has grown to 240 centimeters in length and weighed 18 kg. For comparison, a wax model of the normal colon was placed nearby. The difference in size is enormous.
6. Ovarian Teratomas (Museum of Human Diseases, Sydney, Australia)
At the Museum of Human Diseases, located at the University of New South Wales, you can find all kinds of diseased human flesh, including damaged hearts and lungs. One of the most unusual samples in the museum is benign ovarian teratoma (germ cells, which causes rapid growth of ovarian cells). In extreme cases, this can lead to the appearance of a tumor, which partially resembles a formed fetus with hair and teeth.