7 barbaric medical procedures that are still practiced
When it comes to modern medicine, strict doctors in white coats immediately appear who calmly listen to the patient, make a diagnosis, prescribe the necessary medicines. And all this happens in a comfortable modern office. But in fact, a number of medical procedures have not changed at all over the past centuries and may seem truly barbaric to a person far from medicine.
1. Cleaning the uterus
Obstetrics and gynecology are probably some of the bloodiest areas in medicine. Most women at some point in their lives experience a procedure known as uterine cleansing or “curettage.” This procedure involves the introduction of an acute “curette” inside, which scrape the inner lining of the uterus. These tissues are then sent for analysis to make sure that the woman has no signs of developing uterine cancer, especially if there are problems associated with menstruation.
In other cases, this procedure may be performed after a miscarriage to ensure that no residual fetus remains inside. Despite the effectiveness of the procedure, it makes one wonder: why so far nothing less creepy has been invented.
2. Drilling holes in the skull
Trepanation is probably the oldest procedure in medicine that is still practiced. Drilling holes in the skull dates back to the time of Hippocrates and early Greek civilization. The principle of the procedure remains largely the same as it was thousands of years ago, but the purpose and methods are different.
The early Greeks used this procedure, believing that headaches were caused by “an excess of water in the head, which can lead to an imbalance in body functions.” Modern patients undergo this terrible procedure due to the fact that they accumulate a large amount of blood under the bones of the skull (most often this happens as a result of a serious injury or accident). However, unlike in the old days of primitive surgery, all this is done under general anesthesia.
3. Cauterization of the flesh
Once after operations or injuries, open wounds of a man were burned with a hot iron. This sounds, of course, barbaric, but this is still practiced today. Naturally, the cauterization process has been much improved and today it is done using a small discharge of electricity, which is provided by a portable electrode. In fact, the operation is the destruction of the microscopic layer of the protein in order to “seal” the blood vessels and stop the bleeding.
4. Insertion of the tube into the brain
Most people think of the brain as one of the most important and untouchable organs in the body. And the idea that doctors can insert a tube into the brain just seems wild. But such an operation still exists and is used for mainly with excessive accumulation of fluid inside the brain (hydrocephalus) or with excessive intracranial pressure. Naturally, this is all done not “on the knee”, but it’s just worth imagining: they put a pipe into the head … deeply.
5. Intubation of the trachea
When a person stops breathing, an outside intervention is necessary, which will ensure the flow of air into the lungs. Despite the fact that scientists are trying to develop non-invasive means to facilitate breathing, the most effective method is still the most crude and aggressive, which was used centuries ago.
This method involves placing a special plastic tube (or “endotracheal tube”) in the human trachea. The most creepy thing is how this tube gets there. A metal spacer is inserted into the patient’s mouth, and the doctor simply stuffs the tube into the trachea.
6. Radiation exposure
Cancer is still one of the most difficult diseases to treat in modern medicine. Until now, scientists’ understanding of cancer remains very embryonic, which is perfectly reflected by modern methods of treatment. As a rule, cancer is treated through a course of chemotherapy (in fact, this is the introduction of poison into the human body), surgery, radiation therapy, or a combination of all these methods. Radiation therapy is a deadly radiation that is directed to a sore spot. This is a real death ray, which can also negatively affect healthy human organs.
7. Invasive surgery
Today, medical science has come a long way in terms of the development of x-rays and other ways to find out what is going on inside the human body.