From bloodletting to drinking urine: harsh and merciless medicine of the past
Harsh and merciless medieval medicine.
In the XV century, a book called Fasciculus Medicinae was created, which at that time served as a universal medical reference and contained a description of methods for treating various ailments. Not so long ago, this folio was published online by the new York medical Academy. Here is the most interesting thing from the life of doctors who lived 500 years ago.
Bloodletting was one of the most popular methods of treatment. The folio Fasciculus Medicinae contained a special illustration-a diagram with the designation of points on the human body from which blood can be drawn. The fact is that at that time people believed that most diseases appeared due to a violation of the balance of the four “vital juices”: blood, lymph, yellow and black bile.
2. Zodiac medicine
In the Fasciculus Medicinae there was also a curious scheme with the signs of the zodiac. Each of them corresponded to some part of the human body. This” calendar ” was used by medieval surgeons. It was believed that if the Moon is in the constellation that marks the operated organ-a person can die.
3. Medieval baldness
This curious diagram shows the most common ailments that a person has encountered. Curiously, even then baldness irritated men and was considered a disease. Medieval doctors even prescribed remedies for hair restoration, which, of course, did not help.
That was the name of this scheme. It shows all sorts of injuries and injuries, including those that people inflicted on each other with weapons. The text next to it told how various injuries should be treated and treated. It is worth noting that the medieval doctors had very good knowledge about the treatment of wounds.
5. “a Plague on both your homes”
This illustration preceded a large section on the scourge of medieval Europe-the plague. It shows a doctor visiting a plague patient. The section itself contained a huge amount of information about how to treat the plague and how to prevent it.
6. Need a little
Urine in medieval medicine occupied a very important place. This is how doctors tried to diagnose most of the diseases. The Fasciculus Medicinae contained comprehensive information about the relationship of diseases with the color, smell, and even taste of urine. In the folio there was a special scheme called “circle of urine”, which allowed you to quickly remember the main signs of this liquid.
7. What’s inside
Curiously, for a long time, medieval doctors did not dissect patients. This practice returned only to the beginning of the New time. This is especially interesting, since in ancient times, ancient doctors were actively interested in how the person inside is arranged. This page from Fasciculus Medicinae was the first in the section dedicated to autopsies of dead bodies.